This beginner’s guide will show you how to divide a one point perspective drawing to find equal distances. It is helpful for finding the placement of evenly spaced trees, fences, poles, tracks, tiles and other objects.

Difficulty level:Beginners

Instructions:

1

You will need paper, ruler, pencil and eraser

2

Draw the horizon line and vanishing point Draw a vertical line to establish the placement of the closest object and its height. *This line is called a transversal line

3

Draw a line from the top of the vertical transversal line to the vanishing point Draw another line from the bottom of the vertical transversal line to the vanishing point. *These 2 lines are called orthogonal lines

4

Draw another vertical line for the chosen distance. (This distance will be divided in half)

5

Draw a line from the top of the first vertical line to the bottom of the second vertical line Draw a line from the bottom of the first vertical to the top of the second vertical line. *These 2 lines are also called orthogonal lines

6

Draw a vertical line at the intersection

7

Draw an orthogonal line from the intersection to the vanishing point.

8

Draw a line from the top of the second vertical line until the bottom orthogonal line. Make it pass through the point where the third vertical line and the middle orthogonal line meet.

9

Draw a line from the bottom of the second vertical line to the top orthogonal line. Make it pass through the point where the third vertical line and the middle orthogonal line meet.

10

Draw a vertical line connecting the 2 ends of orthogonal lines you just made in step 8 and 9

11

Repeat the same process of connecting the top of the second to last vertical line with the bottom orthogonal.

12

then bottom of the second to last vertical line to the top orthogonal line.

13

And then connecting the ends with a vertical line

14

Repeat the process for as many evenly spaced objects in the distance

15

Erase the orthogonal lines

16

For proportionally spaced horizontal lines, draw a horizontal line from the bottom of each vertical line. *These horizontal lines are also called transversal lines.

17

To use these lines for a scene or a room, draw a line from the end of the bottom horizontal line to the vanishing point. Erase the horizontal lines on the right side of it and also above the top horizontal line. See the next picture for results

18

If you want a proportional grid for the widths of receding objects, make markings that divide the bottom horizontal line. In this case the divisions are equal but any measurements can be used.

19

Draw orthogonal lines connecting the markings to the vanishing point

20

Erase the orthogonal lines above the top horizontal transversal line. This grid you just made can be used for objects such as floor tiles, railroad tracks or placement of objects.

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